CategoryLearning Language Teaching

Principled Eclecticism


According to Michael Swan, when teaching grammar, we should reject nothing on doctrinaire grounds: * deductive teaching through explanations and examples, * inductive discovery activities, * rule-learning, * peer-teaching, * decontextualised practice, * communicative practice, * incidental focus on form during communicative tasks, * teacher correction and recasts, * grammar games, * corpus...

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Three Generations of Distance Learning Pedagogy


Three Generations of Distance Learning Pedagogy

1. Cognitive Behaviourism
2. Constructivism
3. Connectivism

Errors vs Mistakes


a mistake vs an error According to Corder (1967) cited by Ellis (2008), a ‘mistake’ is a deviation in learner language that occurs when learners fail to perform their competence. It is a lapse that reflects processing problems. An error, on the other hand, is a deviation in learner language which results from lack of knowledge of the correct rule (pp. 971, 961). global errors vs local...

The 14 Categories of Language Use


RIvers & Temperly (A Practical Guide to the Teaching of English, OUP, 1978, p. 47) list 14 purposes or categories of language use establishing and maintaining social relations expressing one’s reactions hiding one’s intentions talking one’s way out of trouble seeking & giving information learning or teaching others to do or make something conversing over the telephone...

Bilingualism: Facts & Stats


Source: The Bilingual Family: A Handbook For Parents by Edith Harding & Philip Riley, 1999, CUP. Over half of the world’s population is bilingual. This fact is usually surprising to many Europeans, who are under the impression that living with two or more languages is exceptional. (p. 27) What matters and what doesn’t in second language acquisition? Singleton’s survey (1983...

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